عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
This article studies the relationship among ISIS, modernity and State. Various factors affect the creation of socio-political phenomena. Apart from the effect of Islamic fundamentalism on the emergence of ISIS, this paper particularly considers the basic role of Middle Eastern states and the ISIS use of modern facilities. So it tries to answer the question that how have the contemporary Middle Eastern states affected the emergence of ISIS?For this purpose, the article studies modernity, modern state, Middle Eastern states and their effect on the emergence of ISIS. It concludes that there have been no requisites for the full growth of modern state in the Middle East and the region’s states have not completely accepted modernity. Since these states have not had some features of modern state, they have often been quasi-modern states with weaknesses in their performance.Along with the existence of Islamic fundamentalism in the Middle Eastern society, their functions have also had effect in the emergence of such organizations and states. Inappropriate operation of Middle Eastern quasi-modern states in comparison with the western modern states and the nonconformity of some modernization and modern aspects in one hand, and nonexistence of required social conditions for the acceptance of these aspects in the region, inconsistency of these states with their societies as well as lack of attention to the composite structure of the society on the other hand, have been the main factors for ISIS emergence.