عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Iran settled as an "object of cognition" in nineteenth century. In one hand, Iran was counted as a passageway for defending of India, and on the other hand, Iran was not necessarily changed position to become gateway for enemies of Britain, because these countries can attack the interests of Britain in India. So, political and diplomatic conducts of Iran's behaviors, what was important the history, the civilization and the culture of Iran must be an object of understood. The author with accurately reading of famous books of English diplomats, want to assess of British Orientalism it is based on the narration of Edward Saeed. It seems the Western Orientalism is fixedness of lordship and hegemony of West on East. Because, it is an acceptable point that Orientalism like a discipline, only emerged that western civilization construe oneself as a dominant and owner of the world. The East was like the "other" for the West and from a pure geographical separation between poverty and wealth chain of calculated and oriented considerations. The equation of inferiority of the East against of hegemony of the West derived from the knowledge and understanding of one country in the face of other country. Explorers and travelers account are important mediators of understanding of "Cultural-Other". Western diarists and diplomatic tourists was the important go-between for recognizing of other and the instrument of construction of Otherness based on strangeness and amazement. This world is made by the west, such as a mirror, in order to knowing, manufacturing and giving themselves high-rank one self.