عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
In the discourse of Iranian intellectuals, Shaygan is named \"Culture philosopher\" by virtue of his opinions. Shayegan has always considered “Cultural Iran”: whether in his book titled ”Hinduism and Tassavof” in which he compares cultural Iran’s capacities and opportunities to impact as well as embrace Hindu culture (referred to as The East or Islamic Iran), or when it talks about another invasion and foreign culture in his book titled “Asia confronting the West” and inevitably risky signs for the cultural Iran and Iranian identity (referred to as the Islamic Iran tolerance), or when in his book titled “The Broken View” introducing the cultural schizophrenia and pointing to a split of this culture and identity and finally when in his book titled “New Mysticism” in which he talks about the quantity of identities and the combination of identities and cultures due to globalization (may be referred to as West Iran). Authors of this article discuss the issue of Cultural Iran in old and new Shaygan`s Thought. The emphasis in old Shaygan is on the importance of the Cultural Iran and the essentiality of protecting it with all the past inheritance still in an ideological direction, while the emphasis of the new Shayegan is on the combination of cultures and necessarily the role played by the Iranian culture in a global arena. Here we are not faced with a pure Cultural Iran, but a culture that is Iranian as much as it posses Western, Chinese and Indian components. Expanding this approach in the opinions of this important philosopher, the present article will point to his theoretical shortcomings and problems, as well.