نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Political crises are not always arisen from human factors and may occur due to some natural disasters including earthquake, flood, volcanic eruptions, drought, etc. A probable earthquake in Tehran may cause tectonic political crises in the Iranian political system. This paper argues that as a consequence of a probable earthquake in Tehran, the political system may face two main crises of authority and legitimacy. From a politico-sociological perspective, the vulnerability of the two factors of “Role” and “Institution” which refer to “Political Agents” and “Institutions”, respectively, would engage the system in the crisis of authority. The centralized nature of Iran’s political system and consequently the centralization of all political institutions in Tehran as one of the major earthquake-prone cities in Iran, has elevated the feasibility of such vulnerability. In the event of a destructive earthquake in Tehran, elite decision-makers of the system (constituting a small scope) and political institutions (often in the vicinity of earthquake faults) would become vulnerable, while the internal and external surroundings of the political system would be ready for crisis-prone movements. Overcoming such crisis requires some long-term and short-term management practices which should be taken simultaneously.