عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
As a type of attack in which the attacker uses self-destruction in order to kill other people, the suicide attack has caused a widespread insecurity and killing thousands in Iraq since 2003. There are three political discourses in Iraqi political scene, including Democratic Political Islam, Salafi Islamism and Secularism (liberal democracy), competing for hegemony and try to marginalize each other through their interpretations for the signifier “suicide attack.” This trend has created contradictory signifiers and meanings i.e. Salafis sanctify it as a sacred action and name it Istishhadi operation; it is a contingent signifier in democratic political Islam discourse that may be an “inhuman initiative” or “martyrdom” while secularists condemn it as “terrorist” inhuman action. This article relates the expansion of suicide attack operation to Salafis' ability in predominating the sense of deprivation and rationalizing suicide attack for their audiences. If Salafi Islamist's rivals, particularly Democratic Political Islam overlook to invalidate Salafist signifier of suicide attack, not only it will jeopardize Iraq security but also endanger local and international security and prevents sustainable security in Iraq's neighbors including Iran. With special reference to Laclau and Mouffe approach, this article considers analyzing political currents subject to discursive antagonism and according to temporal and local conditions.