عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper has been written to investigate the opinion of contemporary Clergymen about the relationship of religion and state during the years 1961 to 1978. At this paper, using "Qualitative Content Analysis" method and the theory of "dialectic shift of form and content”, the hypothesis of "substitution of new content and form” in the religious and political structure of the Iranian society was investigated. The findings showed that in the old form, "conservative Islam" and " reformist Islam" have recognized separate identities for the politics and religion accepting the concepts of "sovereignty" and "king". Hence, the idea of "religion for religion" and "religion for politics" were two-generated contents on the idea of this group of Shiite Clergymen in Iran. In 1960’s, as the result of the intensive conflict between Islam and regime, frustration of the Iranian Intellectuals from rival ideologies (Marxism, nationalism and liberalism), the emergence of new capacities for the modern Islam in society and the hegemony of the revolutionary character of Imam Khomeini in seminary, a new link was created in the politics and religion and merged them. The result of this structural combination was the emergence of "political Islam" and a new content named “politics for religion".