تأثیر احساس بهزیستی سیاسی بر نگرش‌های سیاسی دانشجویان مطالعه موردی: دانشجویان دانشگاه اردکان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه اردکان

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مقاله تأثیر احساس بهزیستی سیاسی بر نگرش‌های سیاسی دانشجویان است؛ که با روش پیمایشی و استفاده از ابزار پرسشنامه انجام گرفت. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل دانشجویان دانشگاه اردکان است که بر اساس آمار سال 1398 معادل 2500 نفر بوده است. از این جمعیت تعداد 323 نفر بر اساس فرمول نمونه‌گیری کوکران انتخاب گردید. تحلیل‌های آماری با استفاده از دو نرم‌افزار SPSS و AMOS انجام گرفت. نتایج حاصل از تحلیل رگرسیون خطی نشان می‌دهد که بهزیستی سیاسی توانسته‌ 13/0 درصد از تغییرات درونی متغیر وابسته یعنی نگرش سیاسی را تبیین نمایند. بر اساس یافته‌های حاصل از تحلیل همبستگی پیرسون بین احساس بهزیستی سیاسی با نگرش‌های سیاسی محافظه کار (50/0- =r)، لیبرال (48/0=r)، رادیکال (68/0- =r) و واپس گرا (19/0- =r) رابطه معناداری وجود دارد. نتایج حاصل از مدل معادله ساختاری (AMOS) نیز نشان می‌دهد که تأثیر متغیر بهزیستی سیاسی بر متغیر وابسته معنادار می‌باشند. همچنین معادله رگرسیونی مربوط به تحلیل برآوردی متغیرهای زمینه‌ای نیز نشان می‌دهد که بین متغیرهای زمینه‌ای (سن، جنسیت، وضعیت تأهل و پایگاه اجتماعی ـ اقتصادی) تنها متغیر وضعیت تأهل با مقدارT برابر (67/3 T=) و ضریب معنی‌داری (000/0 =P) توانسته‌اند بر نوع نگرش سیاسی تأثیرگذار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The impact of political well-being on students' political attitudes Case Study: Ardakan University Students

نویسنده [English]

  • nejat mohammadifar

Ardakan university

چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this paper is the effect of political well-being on students' political attitudes, which was conducted by surveying method and using questionnaire. The statistical population of this study consisted of Ardakan University students, which was 2500 according to 2019 statistics. From this population, 323 people were selected based on Cochran sampling formula. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS and AMOS software. The results of linear regression analysis show that political well-being was able to explain 0.13% of the internal variations of the dependent variable, namely political attitude. According to the results of Pearson's correlation analysis, there is a significant relationship between feelings of political well-being with conservative political attitudes (r= -0.50), liberal (r= 0.48), radical (r= -0.68) and reactionary (r=-0.19).The results of the structural equation model (AMOS) also show that the effect of political well-being variable on the dependent variable is significant. Also, the regression equation for estimating the underlying variables analysis shows that among the underlying variables (age, gender, marital status and socioeconomic status) only the marital status variable was equal to T value (T= 3.67) and significant coefficient (P= 0.000) have been able to influence the type of political attitude.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • political well-being
  • political attitudes
  • conservative
  • radical
  • liberal
  • reactionary
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  • تاریخ دریافت: 05 مهر 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 08 دی 1398
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 21 دی 1398