1 استاد علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Phenomenology, considered either as methodology or ideology has attracted much attention in the last century; so much so, that many philosophers and sociologists have used the term to define philosophical and social objects. On the other hand, some postmodernists like Heidegger, Gadamer, Deleuze and Baudelaire have criticized phenomenology and have considered it to be one of the last remnants of Cartesian philosophy. Our intention in this article is to take another look at phenomenology and consider it, not by ideological attitude but as a scientific method. We have started with the genealogy of phenomenology and then moved onto to Husserl's understanding of phenomenology especially his theory of "intentional consciousness." Then we have taken a look at some post-Husserl methodological advances particularly at the Heidegger's and Gadamer's hermeneutical phenomenology.