عنوان مقاله [English]
During Bush presidency, the crises in the Middle East were on the increase. Of course the Middle East countries have always been in a conflicting geopolitical atmosphere. One of the principal causes of this increase in the crises could be the delay in state building and the interference of the big powers in the region. However, the variety of economic resources in this region has paved the way for more conflicts. Following the September 11 event, using its military and strategic powers, the U.S reconstructed its position, signs of which may be seen in its military campaign against Iraq. The present article seeks to prove that the regional challenges and the Bush war led to the continuation of the crisis. Generally, the September 11 event and the war in Iraq have given rise to the promotion of terrorism discourse by the U.S ,thus preparing the grounds for activating the strategy of campaign against terrorism. Nevertheless, the region has not seen a relative balance of powers. Transience from the regional crises requires the reconstruction of the relations among the Middle East countries so that it can provide the possibility of the moderation of relations of the big powers with the regional actors. Military measures, the strategy of changing regimes, the theory of the Great Middle East, expansion of the military bases, and lack of the balance of powers are considered the main factors of the continuation of the Middle East crises.